1) ‘Curiosity’

I have always been curious. To quote James Clear, one of my favourite authors, “Knowledge is the compound interest of curiosity”. But why am I curious? What exactly is curiosity? I truly believe curiosity is what keeps a human sane, that is to keep going and be hopeful for future experiences.

I believe curiosity and happiness have a direct link. When I think about past events I have been involved in and when I have truly and deeply connected to something, it always leaves me with a passion and a sense of happiness.

Happiness in today’s world however is a very complex and subjective argument. If I had to ask you, ‘What is your purpose in life?’, everyone’s answer is different. Some may believe in being enriched in wealth, some will want to raise a family and some will want to be in a high position in a career. Some may want to just feel loved by the people around them. We are here for a reason, and we all have different purposes to serve in life.

Humans learn through our curiosity of the people around us. This fundamentally constructs your appreciation for everyone around you and those that have gone (I.e. Historical figures, family members). How humans connect from different backgrounds, beliefs, interests and goals, is truly astonishing.

Think about social media for example. With our friends lists on Facebook or our following list on Twitter and Instagram, there are so many different types of people and they each have their own story and journey. Sure, you must focus on yourself, what direction you are heading in and the path you will take. However, we come across so many different people along the way, and you sharing your experiences and knowledge, is what ultimately will keep the human race sustainable for generations to come.

Always be thankful for anyone you have engaged with in your life, negative or positive. You have learned something from everyone and it is knowing that by meeting many different types of people in the future, will make you stronger.

Social Media

In the 21st century, social media is such a widely consumed platform, where millions of people are curious daily, albeit with its flaws. Don’t get me wrong, social media is a fantastic platform, it has made me laugh, smile, connect and feel emotion many times. Of course, there are positives and negatives to anything, and platforms like Instagram can suffer from this. Take a look for yourself, how many Instagram models or celebrities with millions of followers post about their extravagant life. So many! So I stop to think, are they truly happy? They present themselves this way, but often many think it is a cover up.

For example, on the True Geordie Podcast (Episode #115) this is evidenced. This episode explores the life of multi-millionaire Daniel Bilzerian. What is interesting is thinking metaphorically about the conversation, the contrast between the hosts (Brian Davis, commonly known as ‘The True Geordie’ and Lawrence Mckenna) and then to Daniel (The guest) is clear as daylight. Don’t get me wrong, I think Daniel is a great guy who has an interesting story, but it however shows that ultimately, money and fame, is not eternal happiness for everyone. If you look at the tone of voice, passion and art of conversation shown by all three of them, two of them stand out as interesting people to me, and that’s the hosts.

True Geordie Podcast (Episode #115) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lVNXiNAS2tc

What is fascinating about social media to me is it is constant. It never stops. I am quite a visual learner, so Instagram is a nightmate. I am always intrigued about what ones view is on something, an image or a piece of information I never knew about. Follow the right social media accounts, you can learn a lot from it, more than you can imagine. Whilst I have always been trying to cut down on my social media usage, I cannot argue against its impact. I follow many Instagram accounts, simply because I am curious. I want to learn about different perspectives and viewpoints on different particular interests in life. It is something our brains cannot fathom and it becomes very complex.

Often, too much information can be presented to us, which I believe social media is an example of that. I truly believe that our brains cannot process the amount of social media there is available nowadays.

Think to yourself about the times you have surfed and scrolled through social media. What have you learned? For me, every time I go onto social media, I always learn something new. Which is great. However, in the midst of positive, creative and knowledgeable posts, there also comes negativity, and sometimes harassment. That, briefly, is the power of social media and our brains. We are biologically wired to it. It’s like a rat being hit with a pleasure nerve. This comes from every time you refresh your feed, dopamine secrets within the brain, bringing us pleasure. So if every time we go onto social media, to follow something, read or comment on something, we must connect with it. Otherwise after a while, our brain will be used to negativity, if that’s who you choose to follow. Then where does that take you?

How about use social media for the benefit. Be grateful we live in an age where we can connect with people across the world at our fingertips and within the palm of our hands. Be grateful we can have instant access to information and news. We are the most informed generation for a reason.

Daniel Sharman

Daniel Sharman, a London actor formally of ‘Teen Wolf’ (2012-2014) ,’Fear the Walking Dead’ (2017) and Medici: The Magnificent (2018-2020), has also presented this view on the Heard Podcast (‘The Artful Way with Daniel Sharman | Episode 206’) hosted by Benjamin Mathes (an advocate for Free Listening).

I came across this podcast following browsing the internet, once again being curious, to find out about the actor following his great performance within Fear the Walking Dead. What is funny is I’m grateful for doing that search. I have probably listened to that podcast episode over 30 times. Not even kidding. Which I do not think is a normal thing to do.

However, I connect with it. If I am not feeling myself, if I need a bit of extra motivation and if I need a reminder about curiosity and being hopeful for the world, I will turn to that podcast.

Daniel Sharman at the 2017 San Diego Comic-Con International https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Sharman

Daniel talks about many key issues and themes. He dives into the importance of being part of a community and providing service (i.e. working in a church or in a school), linking this to how humans are biologically wired to be in a band of 30 or so people. Here, he makes a link to the history of Homo Sapiens by referencing a best-selling million copy Author and Historian Yuval Noah Harari and his books, ‘Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind’ ,‘Homo Daus: A Brief History of Tomorrow’ and ’21 lessons for the 21st Century’. Daniel expresses his interest in art, not only physical art, but also forms of media, such as classic films like 2001: A Space Odyssey. His interest in art comes from his recent Netflix series he has worked on as the lead role, a series called Medici: The Magnificent.

He played the role of Lorenzo de’ Medici (1449-1492), a famous Italian Florentine Banker, statesmen, but most importantly, a man of vision, a belief in advancing the world. I took some time to finally binge watch the show on Netflix, following listening to the podcast two years ago. This prompted me to read more about the Medici family tree (being curious). Prior to this, I did not know anything about the Medici, so I find it amazing what you can learn in a short period of time.

Lorenzo de’ Medici Portrait http://medicidynasty.com/lorenzo-the-medici-who-was-magnificent/

Being a historical drama, I have learned a lot from that show. What is interesting about the link Daniel makes with the Medici is the impact of famous Italian Renaissance artists and polymaths, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli and Michelangelo. Since Lorenzo was the owner of the bank in Florence, inherited from his father Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici from Cosimo di Giovanni de’ Medici, Lorenzo was one of the richest people in the world at that time, thus he funded these artists, providing them with shelter and supporting their work.

So without Lorenzo, Sandro Botticelli would not have painted the famous ‘The Birth of Venus’ painting which is as common in Italy as the uses of Nazi propaganda, such as the Swastika, in Nazi Germany (1933–1945). Without Lorenzo, Leonardo da Vinci would never have painted the ‘Mona Lisa’, one of the most famous pieces of art in history. Leonardo, without Lorenzo’s backing, would also have not studied human physics, as well as our biological makeup, which means our current knowledge in science, technology and engineering, may not have been revolutionised.

Lorenzo’s son, Giovanni di Lorenzo de’ Medici, also became Pope Leo X in 1513 following Lorenzo’s death in 1492 at a young age of 43. What is interesting about this is that becoming a pope is equated to becoming the president of the United States of America in today’s society, it is a special position built on hope and riches. So as you can see, one mans vision, became ultimately successful.

‘The Birth of Venus’ Portrait by Sandro Botticelli (1480s) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_Venus

But why exactly did Lorenzo fund these artists? Why throw away such an investment he had built his whole life? One word, curiosity.

In the fifteenth century, carrying into the sixteenth century, people were so curious about the world. Much was to be explored and found out. Lorenzo is a person many can inspire to be, a man of vision and a belief in advancing the world, much like Christopher Columbus, Sir Francis Drake and Captain James Cook. Many scientists have this same ideology, and it is no coincidence that Lorenzo also integrated science into Florence at the time, spreading across Europe like a plague.

William Shakespeare, a famous playwright responsible for ‘Macbeth’ and ‘Hamlet’ for example, caught this renaissance plague. He would not have had his plays come to life at theatres in London, such as the Globe Theatre, without investment from the Medici family. What you can take from this is that often in life, everything has a domino effect. What one does, often impacts another. Often this happens when we do something good for someone, it provides a benefit for both parties, similar to a treaty for example.

It is interesting within the conversation Daniel has on the Heard Podcast is of his connection to Lorenzo. Yes, Lorenzo was not a very popular person towards the end of his life, since several branches of his family bank collapsed because of bad loans, and in later years he got into financial difficulties and resorted to misappropriating trust and state funds. However, Lorenzo is one of the most important people in Western European history because he funded art and believed in the gift of science and mathematical advances (Which Leonardo Da Vinci provided).

The reason this inspires me and Daniel is because he had a vision to advance the world, and by doing so he advanced Florence into a major superpower. This is a key principle that everyone should have in life. The want to make a difference, provide for others and express your talents. It is why making the most of opportunities and trying to benefit those around you through curiosity, will ultimately be your greatest gift.

Daniel also denotes in the podcast how he used to freak out watching the stars in the sky, realising the perspective that us as humans are part of a massive Universe and in some ways we’re ‘insignificant’. Daniel then says that to cure his form of depression at the time, he realised that space and the stars, everything in this world, would not exist without him being alive to see it. This is very important. Taking on this message frequently made it very important to me about creating a reality where my actions are the product of my choices and core beliefs. This is your chance. What you see around you is directly linked to you and your actions.

This podcast has taught me very important foundations and morals. The importance of helping others to serve a ‘community’, the importance of being ‘curious’ and to want to continuously learn through new experiences, as well as recognising the importance our significance and how we can all make a difference to the world. It is the kind of podcast that will make you think deeply and I highly recommend it. 


Historic curiosity is also well known within humans. Henry 8th (1491-1547) I always find to be a very fascinating figure. But why? To some people he is just another guy, a tyrannical figure who is shown to be obese, violent and ruthless. Why does that interest someone like me who holds none of those qualities? Well here is why.

Recently I have finished the historical drama series ‘The Tudors’ starring the likes of John Rhys Myers, Henry Cavill and Natalie Dormer. I have also read many books on the Tudors, including ‘The Tudor Kings and Queens’ by Alex Woolf and have spent countless hours on the internet reading about the Tudor dynasty. I am the type of person to spend hours on Wikipedia or sites like Quora, searching for answers I need. My curiosity binds from many questions I have about the period and understanding the Tudors fundamentally as human beings, which I find to be fascinating.

Read this:

From the integration of science following the dark middle ages, to the belief in a monarch being the closest thing to god and becoming the supreme head of the church following abandoning papal authority (Rome). To the brutality of the arrest of Anne Boleyn and the allegations of her ‘adultery’ with over 100 men.

Not to mention Henry making England bankrupt in order to claim glory at the Battle of Flodden (1513) against Scotland (1st Foreign policy) across the border following Rough Wooing (Ongoing Border raids) and to then ultimately claim the French Throne, seen with the Battle of the Spurs (1513) and the captures of small French towns Tournai and Thérouanne (1st Foreign policy) and then most notably with his capture of Boulogne (1544) (2nd Foreign policy) towards the end of his life, in order replicate the success of Henry V at the Battle of Agincourt 1415 who claimed the French Throne.

Clearly, Henry was an ambitious man, however he was ultimately unsuccessful in claiming the French throne and put his country in serious debt and risk, until his daughter Elizabeth I erased this many years after his death.

Henry 8th Portrait by Hans Holbein (1536–1537) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Henry_VIII

Domestically, the need for a male heir was his ultimate goal, which presented many complications. Of course, thinking in periodic terms, male heirs had to be produced. The patriarchal society meant that a female could not rule, which had only happened once before in history with Matilda of Scotland reigning in her husband, Henry I’s, absence between 1100-1118, who unfortunately provoked a civil war.

Therefore, the birth of Lady Mary, from Catherine of Aragon, and Princess Elizabeth, from Anne Boleyn, was completely ignored by Henry. Mary was deemed illegitimate following ‘the kings great matter’ which was Henry’s attempt to obtain a divorce from Catherine of Aragon to marry Anne Boleyn. Many factors as to why Henry wanted to marry Anne have been researched by scholars, which includes Henry falling in love with Anne following a series of love letters, however it is most likely known that Henry wanted to marry the youthful Anne Boleyn as she would be able to provide Henry with a male heir to expand the Tudor Dynasty line of succession, because of the many miscarriages and the older age of Catherine.

Within the Leviticus 20:21, it stated that “If a man shall take his brother’s wife, it is an unclean thing…they shall be childless.” Therefore, Henry was able to obtain his divorce, since this references Catherine’s marriage, prior to marrying Henry, to his brother Arthur Tudor who died in 1502. Despite the fall of Thomas Wolsey in 1530, Henry’s must trusted servant and chief advisor/minister, Henry got what he wanted.

Anne’s child, the lady Elizabeth who would eventually go on to become one of Britain’s and the world’s greatest monarchs, Elizabeth I, was deemed illegitimate several years later because of Henry’s complications of his marriage to Anne Boleyn which was of course her failure to deliver Henry a son, blamed on Anne’s affairs with other nobles and servants at the Tudor court, ultimately leading to her brutal execution.

Henry 8th and Anne Boleyn at the Tudor Court, Whitehall Palace https://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-figures/anne-boleyn.htm

From these short pieces of information that you have read, you have been curious. I have summed up Henry’s life. What that shows is a persons ability to learn so much about someone, in such a short space of time, is a skill humans thrive on. So apply this into your own life, what can you learn about others and their behaviours? Either through real life conversation or text. You can learn so much in so little time.

Sure, you may not want to learn about the Tudors or not care, however curiosity is not always about engagement, but rather a person’s ability to understand a phenomenon and then apply this into different contexts.

Consider this:

What if Henry still had feelings towards Catherine following their divorce?. Consider if Anne Boleyn actually committed adultery (to which has been proven to not be true as the accounts of her alleged partners do not match up) and if Henry truly loved Jane Seymour, or did he just want her to produce a male heir alone (Edward VI).

What is ironic is that for all of Henry’s troubles he went through to produce a male heir, Edward died at only the young age of 15 from tuberculosis. Once again, think about that. The whole world at your feet, the future of England, destroyed through illness. Also, how can one go through with murdering their own wife? Did he truly want to abandon the papal church of Rome? I am curious.

The purpose of me including this piece about the Tudors is to not give you a history lesson but rather understand the most important quality anyone can ever have, understanding of human life. Forgetting about the executions (beheading) and wars, the principles of this dynasty can be presented to everyone’s current lives.

Without true understanding of people, can a relationship develop? Also, without being curious, how can one expand on a passion and pursue it in a career?

Thinking in Henry’s terms, his relationship with Catherine of Aragon, before pursuing Anne Boleyn, for example worked because they had a great understanding of each other. His marriage to Anne of Cleves, however, did not work because there was a lack of connection. It is a classic tale taught to young people across the country in order to realise that in the end, what matters is one’s happiness.

James Clear

In recent literature, James Clear, who wrote the book ‘Atomic Habits’, published in 2018,  also presents his views about happiness and the pursuit of goals. What is great about this book is it is now a staple for me, something to always reference. James Clear is also very active on Twitter and Instagram, which for daily motivation through his inspiring quotes and writing, is now beneficial for me. He also produces a weekly email newsletter called ‘3-2-1 Thursday’, which is 3 ideas, 2 quotes, 1 question. Simply brilliant.

James Clear writes about how applying habits into anyone’s life, will make significant changes. Within the book, he argues “New goals don’t deliver new results. Lifestyles do”, “A lifestyle is a process, not an outcome” and “You should be far more concerned with your current trajectory than with your current results”. Applying these practises, differences can be made. This includes the small things. Simply putting fruit and vegetables into your diet, signing up to a gym and having a regular schedule or having a desk in your room to produce work, are all good examples of how habits will start. This is because the more things are in our plain sight, the more likely we are to engage and do that said thing.

James Clear argues that by having good habits, your current self will develop, whilst bad habits will diminish your future. One of the best parts of the book is this, “We all want better lives for our future selves. However, when the moment of decision arrives, instant gratification wins”. This is bang on the money. Often, we look into the future and see a vision, but how many of us stick to a regular routine, put the work in and start to build good habits towards this future. I see so many people do this. They have a goal in mind, but then they just quit after a short while where they have a lack of motivation towards the goal.

From what I have learned, and what I can take from the book, everything starts small. It starts with the small steps. Five minutes of this. What can I plan to do today. What can I do on the side whilst I am working towards a bigger goal. Can I get a part-time job or volunteer somewhere to gain beneficial experience. Everything starts small. Often, our curiosity for our future leads us to want instant success. But that is unrealistic.

Life is not about instant gratification. It is about a process and making the steps to get to somewhere. Then you constantly move. Do not let curiosity take over you. Appreciate it in the moment.

James Clear speaking at ‘The Habits Academy’ https://jamesclear.com/courses


Historian and author, Yuval Noah Harari, wrote the book ‘Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind’, published in 2011. This non-fiction, scientific based book investigates the history of the earth, and how we have evolved from the stone age, building the world, to having nuclear weapons, that could end the world in present day. What is interesting is that in the life of a Homo Sapien, (Roughly 0.1 to 2 million years ago), their sole focus would be to burn fire to cook to feed for their families, hunt for 10 hours a day and talk over a campfire before resting as a community. The most important thing I have learned from this book is that this was happiness for them. It has provided me perspective. Since to us, that seems insignificant and boring. However, consider this:

In modern society, we work, study or volunteer from 7am to come back for 7 at night, come home to have to wash the dishes, do the ironing or complete more work before going to bed. Are people really happy doing this? Some may argue that BC (Before Christ) money was not on the line, which in present day balances where we live, what we can afford and have access to (I.e. Travel, clothing and entertainment). This is true. However, think fundamentally about it. Why do we get out of bed? Why do we spend many years of our life studying? Why do we try and build a career?

Our lives in present day are no different to the core values of those that lived in the cognitive revolution or the industrial revolution. We work, whilst hunter gatherers would craft weapons for their families next meal. They both draw a positive relationship with each other. We both want to develop, advance the world and build. This is based on curiosity of what our life will be like tomorrow. Also, how do we not know that hunter gatherers were more happier than present humans? There is potential behind that idea.

Yuval Noah Harari (2015) Speaking at a ‘Ted Talk’ on ‘What explains the rise of Humans?’ https://www.ted.com/talks/yuval_noah_harari_what_explains_the_rise_of_humans

So what makes us happy? Happiness to me is a continuous effect, to which I believe my accountability is a product of my choices and actions. The good I do for today, is the good for tomorrow. I cannot tell you the amount of people who have inspired me, helped me and most importantly, made me happy, without me expressing this and telling them. I am proposing to you that if someone helps you on the street, gives you a lift to your favourite night club or tells you they love you, say thank you. They will appreciate it, for this will make them happy.


Following reading ‘Homo Sapiens’, I truly want to find out more about happiness and curiosity. By writing this blog, I am expressing my happiness of providing for others and my passion for writing. Why? Simply because my blog aims to educate and help someone, since who knows who will read this. This is the power of not only our words, but also social media and technological platforms.

I want to help people, and I am continually seeking this. It does not even fathom to me about money, prestige or social importance. None of that really matters to me. If I am honest, I do not have a lot of money really, and I do not consider myself a popular person. If you were to ask me, ‘Why volunteer when you don’t earn money from it?’. My answer is happiness. Money does not even cross my mind, but what does is the smile on someone’s face, the intellectual conversation someone has with you, the transferring of knowledge to each other or the joy out of seeing someone improve and develop from your help.

That happiness is built on my curiosity for what this provides for me and people who I engage with. What will happen if I make someone’s day? How will my brain respond? What if I learn this fact about this person? You get the point.

Personal development bounds from happiness. I urge you to take 10 minutes out of each day to reflect on what you have done, even if it is not been your most productive or best day, we all have bad days, it helps. Many people are struggling, take for example the mentally ill posed with depression. They do not see value in themselves, and therefore self-reflection is not important. But what I am telling you is, someone out their values you and what you can provide, you just do not see it.

This happened to me. For I went through life not really getting noticed. I was always in the back of the crowd, still are, but the work I was producing was unnoticed, and I felt like I had a lack of empathy and happiness from others. It was only until I really reflected, that people do and did value me. But what I learned from that, is it is not about impressing others, or getting liked by hundreds of people, it is about if one person can deeply connect with me. That is what is most important.

Will Smith once said, “You don’t say I’m going to build the biggest, baddest, greatest wall that’s ever been built. You don’t start there. You say, I’m going to lay this brick as perfectly as a brick can be laid”. This is very interesting to me and is something that I have been applying to my own life. Laying that brick. Steps. In the right direction. Seizing the moment. Taking those opportunities. Making those contacts. Writing that text. Producing that piece of work. These are all steps in the right direction. I may not be at my long-term goal (Completing the wall), far from it and things will change along the way, but I am laying bricks everyday (Building).

Of course, you learn from each experience you take, negative or positive. But I have recognised I am on a journey. I am writing a story. Bad things will happen along the way. There will be times where I struggle. But the best humans, are the kind who weather the storm and look forward to the challenges ahead. Those who want to continuously improve.

Will Smith and his famous “You don’t set out to build a wall” quote https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIsgyIq_kFs

What you will find is that the process is more enjoyable than reaching the actual goal itself. How many times in your life have you had that feeling?. You reach a certain goal, let’s say you’ve lost 2 stone or you get hired at a new job position where your pay increases and you have more of an influence, and you feel great about it. In fact, you can’t stop thinking about it.

But you have this feeling of neglect. You think that all those gym sessions, the runs you went on and the work you’ve put in your journey, is way more enjoyable than taking that mirror selfie to show off your weight loss. I have felt this way. When you put in so much effort, you feel much more enjoyable within it than the final product.

Daniel Portman, a famous Glaswegian Scottish Actor, known mostly for his role as Poderick Payne on ‘Game of Thrones’ (2012-2019), once said on the True Geordie Podcast (‘Confessions of a Game of Thrones Star Part 2 | Episode #64’), “You’re stuck with you, be happy with you.” Daniel also states that in today’s society, “Men aren’t allowed to cry”. Once again, I have listened to this podcast over 20 times. His words inspire me greatly and I connect with what he is saying.

Daniel Portman (2017) on the True Geordie Podcast ‘Confessions of a Game of Thrones Star Part 2 | Episode #64’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZe1hNOSx3A

You must be happy with yourself; does it really matter if you do not have an expensive car? Or an expensive piece of clothing? No! What matters is your happiness with yourself. Surrounding yourself with the right people, who will motivate you and share their happiness. Also, everyone struggles. How many times have you seen it where people get shamed for letting out their true feelings or emotions. Forget that. That is what being a human being is all about. It is nothing about pride or ego, it is about being in the moment and deeply connecting with something.


Someone once said to me, “Kyle trust the process, but enjoy the process”. I have not stopped thinking about that conversation. How many times do we reach a goal, not appreciating all the work you went through and time spent on it. Yes, we can all aim for something, of course we can achieve anything we want with care and thought into it, however enjoying the journey and the ride, you will seek happiness from that. So enjoy it. Celebrate your progress. Continuously learn about yourself. Want to improve and develop all the time. Want to find out more about life. For that is true curiosity.

Kyle Charles Dunn

‘Curiosity’ By Kyle Charles Dunn

2) ‘The Mandela Effect’

The Mandela Effect is a widespread conspiracy theory that delves into the minds of the world.

According to the Healthline.com, the Mandela Effect describes of remembering something as slightly different in wording or appearance as it originally was, where a large number of people recount the same way of remembering that certain thing. This can be of a favourite childhood memory or a movie scene that you watched many years ago, where you can picture a certain event or dialogue in your head, but in actual fact it doesn’t exist.

Social scientists diagnose the Mandela Effect as ‘collective false memories’ and thus have associated it as a common analogy for ‘confabulation’ of ‘honest lying’. This is where a person creates a false memory without intending to lie or deceive others but fill in gaps in their own memory. Researchers suggest that people use confabulation to ‘remember’ what they feel is the most likely sequence of events. In the real world, this can cause problems for eyewitnesses to a crime or an important cultural event for example.

Speaking in scientific terms, according to Verywellmind.com, the Mandela Effect can be devised into multiple different scientific theories. One theory suggests the Mandela Effect originates from quantum physics and relates to the idea that rather than one timeline of events, it is possible that alternate realities or universes are taking place and mixing with our timeline. However in theory, this would result in groups of people having the same memories because the timeline has been altered as we shift between these different realities.

Don’t get me wrong, I’m all for time travel and the idea of alternate realities (After watching films and TV series such as Avengers: Endgame, Doctor Who and Back to the Future) and I do believe one day a feat could be accomplished within this, however that is highly unrealistic and some may say people who believe in time travel, are the same people who believe the earth is flat.

The most common theory is ‘false memories’. Using neuroscience as a general process, information is encoded in an area of the brain where memories are stored. This is called the ‘engram’ and the framework in which similar memories are associated with each other is called the ‘schema’. So when people try to recall an event, this sets off neurons close to each other, bringing with it the memory. When memories are recalled, rather than remembered perfectly, they are influenced to the point that they can become incorrect.

In this way, memory is unreliable. Is this true for all ways of life? Partly. Our brain doesn’t remember everything and it is most likely that when you try to recall an event in your brain, it won’t be the same as what you experienced it as being. However, why is it some things I can remember exactly? This I find fascinating because our brains are so powerful. In fact, the brain co-ordinates all your behaviours, the way you think, eat, exercise and talk. It is no wonder why positive mental health and brain exercises are more common in todays world, since humans have finally sourced the root cause as to many problems within peoples life, the powerful mind.

‘Memory-Related Concepts’ are another explanation for the Mandela Effect. For example, confabulation involves your brain filling in gaps that are missing in your memories, remembering details that never happened. Confabulation increases with age. ‘Post-event information’ also describes of Information that you learn after an event that can change your recall of the event.

‘Priming’ are the factors leading up to an event, influencing our response and memory since this can cause errors in remembering certain details, often leading to confusion. Have you ever walked into a room, but you do not know why you did or what for? Well that is because of priming, where you have misled or forgotten information before walking up the stairs or entering the room.

Memories are vulnerable bits of information stored in the brain that can be changed over time. It is very important to practice trying to remember certain events in your past, since often over time, this will uncover the whole story or at least most parts of it. After all, we all want to make good memories and remember the good times in life, so why not do this in your head, rather than through a phone screen?

Sparking widespread debates within the internet community, the Mandela Effect gained huge audiences through a reddit page in 2010. Since it is very easy to share things now across social media and through websites, the relatability of this theory is what drives millions of audiences to venture into it. Common terms to this include “My whole childhood is a lie” or “I swear I remember this happening” and has been applied to events in TV, the Media, Film, Sport and Music. However, the origins of the theory comes from a deeper source.

The origins of the Mandela Effect

The Mandela Effect got its name from Fiona Broome, a self-identified “paranormal consultant,” who detailed how she remembered former South African President Nelson Mandela dying in the 1980s in prison (although Nelson Mandela lived until December 5th, 2013). Broome could describe remembering news coverage of his death and even a speech from his widow about his death. Yet none of it happened.

Fiona Broome, I find is a very interesting person and after doing some research, I found that she is a passionate believer in the pursuit of wonder. She states, “As a child, I stumbled onto ghost hunting, almost literally”. She has written many books on ghost stories including “The Ghosts of Austin, Texas” (and “The Mandela Effect – Major Memories”). She describes her first ghost encounter at a grand old hotel in Wentworth-by-the-Sea.

So in summary, Fiona believes in ghosts and the supernatural. My thoughts? Well I would like to believe that there is something spiritual there in life, however I am not a big believer in ghost stories or paranormal activity. Despite all of this, Fiona started a widespread movement and whether or not you believe in ghosts or not, you can interpret her as just a curious person who wants to find out more about lifes mysteries, that is all.

Nelson Mandela

Bill Kellor, for The New York Times, depicts Nelson Mandela in a positive light. He argues that after whites had systematically humiliated his people, tortured and murdered many of his friends, and cast him into prison for 27 years, he was evidently “free of spite”.

It is noted in this article that Nelson stated “He stays behind the flock,” he continued, “letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind.” The story of Nelson Mandela is one that can be attributed to a person who remained being positive and forward thinking, despite many things going wrong in his life and not going his way.

Nelson Mandela lived from 18th July 1918 to the 5th December 2013. He was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. Believing in the ideology of nationalism and socialism, he served as the president of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. Despite supporting black nationalism in his youth, Nelson Mandela changed the racial policies that tore his country. Deep into a life prison term, he caught the notice of the world as a symbol of opposition to a system of racial abuse that stripped South Africans of their citizenship, fighting for what’s right.

“Nelson Mandela” pictured delivering a speech, ANC leadership (Image: © Louise Gubb), https://www.nelsonmandela.org/multimedia/entry/life-and-times-of-nelson-mandela

Mandela focused on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the charitable ‘Nelson Mandela Foundation‘, founded in 1999. He is regarded as an icon (‘Father of the Nation’) for social justice, and received more than 250 honours throughout his life, including the Nobel Peace Prize.

In light of the recent Black Lives Matters (BLM) protests towards justice for George Floyd and to fight against racial policies, I believe this information is important to understand.

So, now you know some context, let’s dive into some great examples of the Mandela Effect that you may be able to relate to….

1) The Berenstein or Berenstain Bears?

The ‘Berenstain Bears’ https://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/berenstain-bears-debate-is-a-case-of-schrodingers-nostalgia/article25972071/

One of the most popular examples of the Mandela Effect is the ‘Berenstain Bears’. Although a UK audience may not understand this one, I will help for you to understand the importance of this one.

The Berenstain Bears is a children’s literature franchise created by Stan and Jan Berenstain and continued by their son, Mike Berenstain. The books feature a family of grizzly bears where the purpose of each story is to learn a moral or safety-related lesson, thus being quite educational for young children. Debuting in 1962, the series has grown to over 300 titles, which have sold approximately 260 million copies. The franchise has also expanded to two television series and a wide variety of other products and licenses.

Many people however recall ‘The Berenstain Bears’ as being called ‘The Berenstein Bears’, insisting that they remember it being spelled with an ‘E’, and one Redditor even found an old VHS tape of the cartoon and the label shows ‘Berenstein’.

This idea is not one without common sense. Think about the amount of ‘Stein’s’ there are throughout history. Albert Einstein, Frankenstein, Jock Stein. It makes perfect sense that hundreds of thousands of people would believe it was spelt with an E, since there are few people who have an A instead of E in ‘Stein’. According to Vice.com, this sparked mainstream attention for the Mandela Effect, thus creating an idea around the Butterfly effect and Parallel Universes. Those who believe it is spelt as ‘Berenstein’ are supposedly from an alternate universe than to those who spell it as ‘Berenstain’. Yes, there are people who actually believe in this.

Someone on Vice.com noted that, “I talked to quite a few people I know, and most of them remember the bears surname being spelled with an E”. “I only realized that ‘A’ reading to my kid about eight months ago”. “That was a disturbing bedtime.”

What’s funny is that even me writing this blog, I have spelt it as ‘Berenstein’ multiple times, only to edit it out.

However, the first time someone noticed this was in 2009 on a forum. A user by the name of Burke posted in “Dreadlock Truth” asking why the pronunciation of his favourite childhood books changed. Some stated that it “sounds Jewish” and the change could’ve been a result of Neo-Nazi aggression. The theory remained stale before arising on the humourist website ‘The Communist Dance Party’ in 2011.

“At some point between the years 1986 and 2011, someone travelled back in time and inadvertently altered the timeline of human history so that the Berenstein Bears somehow became the Berenstain Bears,” he wrote. “This is why everyone remembers the name incorrectly; it was Berenstein when we were kids, but at some point, when we weren’t paying attention, someone went back in time and rippled our life experience ever so slightly.” By suggesting that there are at least two universes, changed at some point in history where two time streams or parallel realities diverged, the Mandela Effect created great conspiracy focus.

According to Vice.com again, Dr. Henry L. Roediger, an expert on false memories, wrote a response. “I’m not sure that misremembering one letter in a long name is a major league false memory”. “My guess is that in this case that “stein” is remembered because it is a common ending of many names—Einstein, Frankenstein, Goldstein, etc.”

Whatever you believe in, this is actually quite freaky. The thing is, people have came out passionately about this subject area, and whilst I’m not qualified to talk about quantum physics or parallel universes, I find it very fascinating how there is an idea of that and how people truly believe in the idea of an alternate timeline. I just also find it very interesting how such a misspelling is so common, almost as if no one remembers it as ‘Berenstein’. Very weird.

2) Looney Toons or Looney Tunes?

I’m a victim of this one, since the Berenstain Bears one I can’t relate to. When planning this blog, I had a quick check for my DVD collection of Looney Tunes cartoons. I haven’t watched them for some 10 years, however you can’t beat Looney Tunes, it’s definitive.

Right, so I searched for my DVD’s. Now, I swear before I found them, in my mind it was ‘Looney Toons’. It has to be. Well how wrong I was. It is in fact Looney Tunes. For a few minutes, I couldn’t believe it. Yes, I understand that it’s only a title of a cartoon series, however I was adamant that it was ‘Looney Toons’. My reason behind this was that there’s consistency in the spelling of both words, being that they’re both spelled with “oo” in between them.

Additionally, it would also be consistent to the genre, being a ‘Cartoon’. I also thought ‘Looney Tunes’ doesn’t have as good as a ring to it. Also, isn’t that more like music? Why would it be Looney Tunes, doesn’t seem right to me. Looney Tunes is an American animated show that aired in 1930 and was produced by Warner Bros. The cartoon aired until 1969 during the golden age of American animation. During this time, they also had a sister series called ‘Merrie Melodies’.

According to the Mandela Effect article by Fiona Broome, she stated, “I’d dismiss that kind of report as a brief and localized issue — usually a print media error, or a typo in a digital TV show listing.” She said it doesn’t help that “Tiny Toons” exists, similar graphics and tone to Looney Tunes.

In another article from the New York Post written by Gavin Fernando, he wrote, “Growing up you probably watched Looney Toons on a Saturday morning, right? Bugs Bunny? Daffy Duck? Many people could probably recall a scene or two, and visualize the Looney Tunes logo perfectly in their head.” Fernando had a plot twist: it is actually spelled “Looney Tunes”, and always has been. It never changed, there is zero evidence to suggest it was spelled any other way, and yet people vehemently believe it’s written as the former”.

Matthew Binder stated that, “It has always been Looney Tunes because there was an emphasis on the music. “Originally, there was no dialogue in the black and white shorts”, similar to “Steamboat Willie” (1928) of Mickey Mouse by Disney, and that the “Purpose was to prove that a story could be told through the music”. He states that, “Looney Tunes exists to teach children how music can affect mood and tone”.

This is fascinating to know and prior to this, I never knew that as the context for the spelling. I always thought it was a running joke. But hey, the more you know I guess. Still, it’s surely ‘Looney Toons’, right?

3) Sinbad

Furthermore, another common example of the Mandela Effect within film and the media is the famous American film actor and comedian, Sinbad (David Adkins).

Actor and Comedian ‘Sinbad’ (David Adkins) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinbad_(comedian)

This example explains of many people remembering the famous actor appearing in the film “Shazaam” (1994), featured on the Disney channel. According to the actor himself from his Twitter account, featured in an article in the New Statesman, he never starred or filmed for the series!

Although, according to Reddit users, images of the actor on the cover of VHS tapes have been uncovered, showing that he was in the film and several comments on the page have noted that they believe they can remember him being in the film and tv series.

I find this is one very strange. Evidence by the actor himself shows that he obviously wasn’t in the series, and has since joked about the conspiracy. But how is it so many people remember him within it? Very odd.

4) Famous misquotes and misinterpretations in film history

You ever have that favourite childhood film? Where you remember watching it all the time, so much so that you can nearly quote the whole film? Well, upon doing some research for this blog and finding out information about my favourite films, I have found out myself that many of my favourite quotes and scenes in film history I have gotten wrong! Let’s explore some of them…

Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1980)

The most famous example of a misquote in a film is within Star Wars: Empire strikes back. It’s within the scene where (Spoiler: Although you probably know by now) Darth Vader reveals to Luke Skywalker that he is his father. Now, this may all sound straight forward and it seems like simple screenplay, but where the confusion lies is within the writing itself. Star wars fans and movie fans across the world will always say, “Luke I am your father”. In fact, its probably the most parodied, memed and quoted line ever. However, that’s not the line. The line is, “No. I am your father”.

The famous ‘No, I am your father’ scene from Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1980)

Of course, it’s only a movie line, not really of a lot of importance. It also doesn’t take away from the emotion of the scene, and Darth Vader is addressing Luke anyway, so what’s all the fuss about? I guess the fuss is this is the most important scene in the multi-billion dollar franchise, in what some argue is the best Star Wars film. How has everyone got this wrong for such a long amount of time? Even diehard fans will misquote the scene. I find that very fascinating, although a simple explanation to this would be the fact that in people minds, “Luke I am your father” makes more sense.

Using the collective false memory explanation to this, it would make sense that people have this information stored within their brain, but similar memories (Schema) have set off neurons in close connection to each other.

Maybe it’s from people addressing this line differently online, or people saying it wrong in real life, making the memory be false and be different from what it is. However, this does not mean everyone says it wrong. But I guarantee, ask anyone who has seen the film to say the line, they will get it wrong. Even within the Disney Pixar film, ‘Toy Story 2’, the film misquoted the line, where the scene was a parody.

E.T. : The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)

One of the most famous movie lines in history is “ET phone home” but is that the correct line. Well, no. The correct line is “ET home phone”. Yes, this line is said in both ways during the same scene, however ET himself never says phone home during the scene. This line has been parodied many times, including on a BT broadband advertising campaign, yet it is so misquoted. A classic example of a false memory.

The infamous ‘E.T. Home Phone’ scene from E.T. : The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)

Jaws (1975)

A classic film that for me is the combination of tension, suspense and fear. Steven Speilberg’s greatest film, in my opinion, has two lines that stick out to me everytime the film gets mentioned. One of them is “Smile, you son of a b****” and “We’re gonna need a bigger boat”. The latter is once again a quote still very famous in todays media and even within society, where the line depicts going into a situation unprepared and ultimately having a high chance of failure (Where in the film it depicts a Great White Shark attack on a small boat).

Are these lines completely correct? No. According to Imdb.com, the “Smile you son of a b****” line was changed for the Blu-ray re-release of Jaws, which would explain why when I was younger, I did not hear a swearword when watching the film. I find this very funny though, since the film has scenes of gore, yet a swearword had to be censored.

The famous “You’re gonna need a bigger boat” scene from Jaws (1975)

The “We’re gonna need a bigger boat” line is completely false however. The script and film states, “You’re gonna need a bigger boat”, since the scene depicts shark hunter Quint (Robert Shaw) addressing the situation to Martin Brody (Roy Scheider). Despite all of this, everyone says “We’re gonna need a bigger boat”, so it is another example of where we falsely depict the line.

According to Hollywoodreporter.com, This line however was improvised by the actor in a way. Carl Gottlieb (Story Editor) was asked by his friend, a then relatively unknown director at the time, named Steven Spielberg, to give him notes on the script for his movie about a shark.

“[Spielberg] was anxious to do a rewrite before they started shooting — they were about two or three weeks before principal photography,” Gottlieb tells The Hollywood Reporter. “I was sent the script with a memo saying, ‘Eviscerate this.'” After reading Gottlieb’s extensive notes, Spielberg asked if he would join the Jaws production and help to redraft the troubled script adaptation of Peter Benchley’s best-seller. Gottlieb quit his day job. “We shared a house together and spent every waking moment together for the next four months because I was either rewriting or acting in the movie,” where he also played the small onscreen role of Ben Meadows, the town’s newspaper editor, in the film.

The infamous line from Jaws, “You’re gonna need a bigger boat,” No. 3 on Hollywood’s Top 100 Movie Quotes, came about during a rewrite. “It was an overlap of a real-life problem combined with the dilemma of the characters onscreen.”

The real-life problem was a barge (named by the cast and crew), which carried all the lights and camera equipment and craft services, was steadied by a small support boat that was too tiny to manage the job. Gottlieb recalls: “[Richard] Zanuck and [David] Brown were very stingy producers, so everyone kept telling them, ‘You’re gonna need a bigger boat.’ It became a catchphrase for anytime anything went wrong — if lunch was late or the swells were rocking the camera, someone would say, ‘You’re gonna need a bigger boat.'”

Roy Scheider changed the line at different points in his performance throughout filming. But the one reading that made it in to the final cut of the movie was after the suspenseful first look at the great white shark. Gottlieb states, “It was so appropriate and so real and it came at the right moment, thanks to Verna Field’s editing.” So, the rest is history. Yet, everyone gets the line wrong!

Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs (1937)

A Disney classic which features one of the most misquoted lines in history. The famous line, “Mirror mirror on the wall, who is the fairest one of the them all” is another false memory, since it is in fact, “Magic mirror on the wall, who is the fairest one of all?”.

The “Magic Mirror on the Wall” scene from Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs (1937)

The irony of the line being misquoted is that is one of the most parodied lines in history, even spawning a live action film named “Mirror Mirror” (2012) and has been misquoted in films such as “Shrek” (2001) during the famous Lord Farquaad scene with the Ginger Bread man.

“Mirror, Mirror, on the wall” scene from Shrek (2001)

Drake and Josh (2004)

One of my favourite shows as a young kid features a line within the main theme song of the show that still baffles me to this day. This theme song is iconic, catchy and very memorable, yet a certain lyric is always confused with the common audience.

Within the theme song “Found a Way” (performed by Drake Bell), the lyrics go like this, “It’s going to take some time to realise”. Yet, it is infact, “It’s going to take some time to realign”. Listening to the song over and over again, it’s very easy to confuse the two and not hear realign. I guess this one can be down to the American accent of Drake Bell!

Watch this video linked below where Drake Bell addresses a crowd at Ballydoyle in Downers Grove on January 14th, 2017. Here, Drake is aware of the joke, correcting the crowd of the actual lyric, which I find very funny!

Drake Bell correcting the crowd of the actual lyrics to his song “I Found a Way” at Ballydoyle in Downers Grove (US)

Forrest Gump (1994)

The famous film, starring two time Academy Award winning Actor Tom Hanks, known as an American cultural icon, has also a famous misquoted line. Once again, when you think of this film, the quote, “Life is like a box of chocolates”, sticks out to me. The quote is actually, “Life was like a box of chocolates”, thus depicting the line in past tense rather than present tense, since he is speaking from the viewpoint of his mother. Quite a crazy one and I bet if you ask anyone to say the line, they will get it wrong.

“Life was like a box of Chocolates” scene from Forrest Gump (1994)

Moonraker (1979)

Official poster for James Bond (007) Moonraker (1979) https://thedigitalbits.com/columns/history-legacy-showmanship/moonraker-40th

James Bond. One of my favourite film franchises as a kid. I can’t lie, I’m a sucker for older films, especially ones that use mostly practical effects. There’s many scenes in this franchise that sticks out to me, particularly within the Sean Connery and Roger Moore era.

However, one scene that sticks out in my mind is the scene with the recurring bond villain, Jaws (Richard Kiel), and his meeting of Dolly, his girlfriend. Now, I’m adamant that Dolly (Blanche Ravalec) had braces when she is smiling within this scene. This is because the scene depicts Jaws, who has giant metal teeth, finding a love interest, yet I believe the whole point of the scene was for them to have a connection and common interest, which would both be metal teeth.

I found it terrifying to see that Dolly doesn’t ever have braces in the film. I couldn’t believe it, since in my mind I picture the scene playing out that way. Also, this scene doesn’t really make sense to me anymore without the braces, since that was meant to be the common interest and be played up for comedic effect. This is one of the most popular forms of the Mandela Effect and it is one that many people find freaky. It’s crazy what the mind can do.

A video discussing the Mandela Effect behind the Dolly and Jaws scene from Moonraker (1979)

5) Curious George doesn’t have a tail?

Popular book and animated series ‘Curious George’ which also spawned multiple films, depcicts a monkey brought from his home in Africa by ‘The Man with The Yellow Hat’. They become friends and they live together in the city. A common perception is that George has a tail, which makes sense since he is a monkey after all. After doing some research, I found out that he never had a tail at all, which I found was very odd as I remember watching the film and playing the video game as a kid where he was surely swinging from trees using his tail.

Apparently, Forbes.com have found that Curious George is either an Ape or possibly a Barbary macaque (Old World Monkey) since he has no tail. Yet, everyone will think of George being a normal monkey with a tail when you hear the name.

The Mandela Effect behind “Curious George” https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/life/entertainment/g28438966/mandela-effect-examples/

6) Henry VIII is pictured with a turkey leg in one his portraits?

Once more, I am writing about the fascinating figure of Henry VIII. This example of the Mandela Effect I find is both hilarious and weird. According to many people across the internet, people have shared their experiences of seeing Henry VIII in the famous portrait, painted by Hans Holbein, where he is depicted with a turkey leg in his hand.

The famous “Henry VIII” portrait by Hans Holbein (1536–1537) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Henry_VIII

I cannot relate to this one. It is one I think can be attributed to peoples first experiences of learning about Henry, since most people always thought he was always big in stature and overweight. Many historians will inform you that Henry’s weight gain came quite late in his life, particularly after having a leg wound sustained during a joust that never healed. The accident occurred at a jousting tournament at Greenwich Palace on 24 January 1536 when Henry was 44, in full armour, where he was thrown from his armoured horse, that then fell on top of him. He was unconscious for two hours and was thought at first to have been fatally injured.

Occasionally, it would close over and become infected, nearly dying when that happened, and it would burst open again. Likely, he had a bone splinter that caused repeated infections. Also, many historians note that Henry most likely sustained a head injury during this event, which had an effect on his mood swings and potentially effecting his decisions later on in his reign, such as divorces and the want to go to war against Scotland and France for revenge. Historians also think that Henry had type 2 diabetes, which affected his eating habits.

So Henry had this accident when he was 44, and since he died at the age of 55, it therefore explains that for a large majority of his life, Henry was an athletic and imposing figure, unfortunately remembered for his failures in his life.

Tudor diets for nobles and members of royalty also were very rich. Most foods contained a high amount of protein, fats and sugars and were served in large portions, having the best cooks in the country and servants. Henry therefore is remembered for being an obese king simply because he lost most of his mobility and the ability to do his activities and exercises (Horse riding, jousting, archery and hunting) that he did so often when he was younger and first ascended to throne. Let’s not forget, he is noted as one of the most athletic people at court when he was younger, yet is remembered for being lazy and sedentary.

It’s funny that a lot of kings are depicted like this, drawing inspiration from Henry. For example, King Robert I Baratheon, the ruler of the Seven Kingdoms in the popular TV series ‘Game of Thrones’ (2011 – 2019) and King Foltest of Temeria from the popular Netflix series, ‘The Witcher’ (2019), are examples of the gluttonous stereotype that stick out to me.

King Robert I Baratheon (Mark Addy) from ‘Game of Thrones’ http://www.innatthecrossroads.com/character-themed-meals-robert-baratheon/

The popularity of this example of the Mandela Effect has gained traction from many sources of information about Henry VIII. For example, in the 15th season of ‘The Simpsons’ in the ‘Margical History Tour’ (Season 15, Episode 11), the episode closes with a reference to Henry VIII holding the world turkey leg eating record. Additionally, within the famous film ‘The Private Life of Henry VIII’ (1933), actor Charles Laughton, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the famous historical figure, is depicted as devouring a turkey leg from his left hand in the dining scene, which is said to be inspired by the portrait.

Homer Simpson pictured eating a Turkey leg imitating Henry VIII during the ‘Margical History Tour’ episode https://puzzledpagan.com/2016/11/04/s15-e11-margical-history-tour/
Charles Laughton pictured eating a Turkey leg in ‘The Private Life of Henry VIII’ (1933) inspired by the famous Hans Holbein portrait https://criterioncast.com/column/a-journey-through-the-eclipse-series/a-journey-through-the-eclipse-series-alexander-kordas-the-private-life-of-henry-viii

Additionally, many artists in the 20th century have drawn Henry eating various birds in the form of a leg and piece of meat. Here are a few examples:

Henry VIII drawn eating a Turkey Leg at court https://twitter.com/make_u2_happy/status/1009377823256170497
‘Horrible Histories’ depicts Henry VIII eating a Turkey leg https://www.reddit.com/r/Glitch_in_the_Matrix/comments/23oc33/have_you_seen_this_image_before_henry_viii_turkey/

So as you can clearly see, it’s easy to find out how this example gained a large popularity. I’m not denying what people think, however a typical Hans Holbein portrait denotes a serious tone and is meant to show the king as being more imposing and god-like in the portraits to gain prestige and power over other monarchs in Europe at the time. Would holding a turkey leg show this?

7) There was 6 people in the car at the scene of JFK’s assassination?

Another famous example of the Mandela Effect was the amount of people in the car present at American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy (Known as JFK) assassination on 22nd November 1963. The 60s for me is remembered for a period, particularly in American culture, as the height of socialisation and the rise of capitalism. When I think of this period, I think of American diners, men in suits and hats, Ford Mustangs and glass bottles of Coca-Cola. Yet, it birthed one of the most famous conspiracies in history, who actually assassinated Americas 35th President?

The answer to this is one that can’t be answered, since no one knows. Many books and research has been conducted and written on this, and it is mostly noted as Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) who was an American Marxist and former U.S. Marine. Interestingly, Oswald was released from duty in the Marine Corps into the reserve and then associated himself to the Soviet Union (At the time under Communist Leader Khrushchev).

Following returning to the United States, Oswald settled in Dallas and thus has been concluded that he shot and killed Kennedy from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository as the President travelled through Dealey Plaza in Dallas at the time to gain support for his upcoming election.

Oswald was eventually charged with the assassination of Kennedy. He denied the accusations, stating that he was a “patsy.” Two days later, Oswald was shot by local nightclub owner Jack Ruby on live television in the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters.

Investigations from the FBI, the Secret Service, and the Dallas Police Department, including forensic, ballistic and eyewitness evidence, support the official findings. However, public opinion polls show a lack of belief in this theory.

The Mandela Effect with this one is that everyone remembers there only being 4 people in the car during Kennedy’s assassination. In actual fact, there was 6 people present in the car. Within the car, driver Agent Bill Greer, SAIC Roy Kellerman, Governor John Connally, Nellie Connally, Jackie Kennedy (JFK’s wife) and JFK were all present. Many people believed that only Kennedy, his wife, Governor Connally and the driver were present.

With 6 people in the car, the common belief and re-enactments of this famous assassination are false. Take a look at some examples of what people believed his assassination would have looked like:

A replica of the car at The Historic Auto Attractions Museum in Roscoe, Illinois that shows a 4 seater http://mandelaeffectproof.blogspot.com/2016/06/kennedy-assassination-how-many-in-car.html
A replica at the Dahl Auto Museum In La Crosse, Wisconsin http://mandelaeffectproof.blogspot.com/2016/06/kennedy-assassination-how-many-in-car.html
An image from the film ‘The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald’ (1977) that shows a 4 seater car http://mandelaeffectproof.blogspot.com/2016/06/kennedy-assassination-how-many-in-car.html
A video simulating the Assassination https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nolnTn00iEk

8) The Monopoly guy has a monocle, doesn’t he?

The classic board game, first published by the Parker Brothers in 1935 and then taken over by Hasbro, features a famous example of the Mandela Effect. ‘Rich Uncle Pennybags’, the mascot for the franchise, is normally depicted as having a glass monocle. In actual fact, this is falsely associated with the character as he has never used a monocle on any cover or version of the game (Physical or digital).

Even common associations in pop culture associate a monocle with the character. Take a look:

A person dressing falsely up as ‘Rich Uncle Pennybags’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTNFeJJLGZg
A picture that shows the Mandela Effect on the Monopoly Mascot https://www.scienceabc.com/eyeopeners/mandela-effect.html

9) Kit Kat doesn’t have a dash between the name?

A Nestle Kit Kat bar https://www.nestle.co.uk/en-gb/media/pressreleases/kitkataddsextra

Check any Nestle Kit Kat bar (No matter the flavour) and the name does not have a dash between the logo. I always believed that the dash was above the Kit Kat logo on every bar. This one I couldn’t believe and had to check it for myself. The Mandela Effect truly is astonishing.

10) We’re the Champions (Of the World?)

Many people remember the final lyrics of the famous Queen song being “No time for losers, ’cause we are the champions…of the world!” However, there is no “of the world!” The song just ends at “We are the champions”. Yet, if you play the song or hear it at a party, you will automatically be wired to say “Of the world”. There are many examples of where a football team has won a cup and the fans will sing this part of the song at the end of it in stadiums. But check any lyric website or even a music streaming service, and the lyrics aren’t real.

A lyrics video on YouTube for ‘Queen – We Are The Champions’ clearly shows that the lyrics aren’t real but are falsely made up

11) Conclusion

What you can take from the Mandela Effect is that often our assumptions on certain things and the uses of stereotypes are often falsely used. Sometimes we presume something is real (Made up realities in our head) when in actual fact it does not exist. The Mandela Effect provides global support that false memories and to certain beliefs that alternate realities may exist. Could this provide evidence on spirituality? The conspiracies of Ghost stories?.

I hope this article leaves you with a feeling of suspicion and to find your own examples of the Mandela Effect, since there are many out there that are present every day.

Have a great day,

Kyle Dunn